THE LAST SUPPER
Two events shape the liturgy of the Great and Holy Thursday: the Last Supper of Christ with His disciples and the betrayal of Judas. The meaning of both is love. The Last Supper is the ultimate revelation of God’s redeeming love for man, of love as the very essence of salvation. And the betrayal of Judas reveals that sin, death and self-destruction are also due to love, but to deviated and distorted love, love directed at that which does not deserve love. To understand the meaning of the Last Supper we must see it as the very end of the great moment of Divine Love which began with the creation of the world and is now consummated in the death and resurrection of Christ.
God is Love (1 John 4:8). And the first gift of Love was Life. The meaning, the content of life was communion. To be alive man was to eat and to drink, to partake of the world. The world was thus Divine love made food, made Body of man. And being alive i.e. partaking of the world, man was to be in communion with God, to have God as the meaning, the content and the end of his life. Man received his food from God and making it his body and his life, he offered the whole world to God, transformed it into life in God and with God. The love of God gave life to man, the love of man for God transformed this new life into communion with God. This was the paradise. Life in it was, indeed, eucharistic. Through man and his love for God the whole creation was to be sanctified and transformed into one all-embracing sacrament of Divine presence and man was the priest of this sacrament.
But in sin man lost this eucharistic life. He lost it because he ceased to see the world as means of Communion with God and his life as Eucharist, as adoration and thanksgiving... He loved himself and the world for their sake; he made himself the content and the end of his life. He thought that his hunger and thirst, i.e. his dependence on his life on the world— can be satisfied by the world as such, by food as such. And thus putting his love in them, man deviated his love form the only object of all love, of all hunger, of all desires. And he died. For death is the inescapable “decomposition” of life cut from its only source and content.
Man thought to find life in the world and in food, but he found death. His life became communion with death, from instead of transforming the world by faith, love and adoration into communion with God, he submitted himself entirely to the world, he ceased to be its priest and became its slave. And by his sin the whole world was made a cemetery, where people condemned to death partook of death and “sat in the region and shadow of death” (Matthew 4:16)
But if man betrayed, God remained faithful to man. He did not “turn Himself away forever from his creature whom He had made, neither did He forget the works of His hands, but He had visited him in diverse manners, through the tender compassion of His mercy” (LITURGY OF ST. BASIL). A new Divine work began, that of redemption and salvation.
And it was fulfilled with Christ, the Son of God, Who in order to restore man to his pristine beauty and to restore life as communion with God, became Man, took upon Himself our nature, with its thirst and hunger, with its desire for and love of, life. And in Him life was revealed, given, accepted and fulfilled as total and perfect Eucharist, as total and perfect communion with God. He rejects the basic human temptation: to live “by bread alone,” He revealed that God and His kingdom are the real food, the real life of man. And this perfect eucharistic Life, filled with God, and, therefore Divine and immortal, He gave to all those who would believe in Him, i.e. find in Him the meaning and content of their lives. Such is the wonderful meaning of the Last Supper.
He offered Himself as the true food of man, because the Life revealed in Him is the true Life. The Last Supper is the restoration of the paradise of bliss, of Life as Eucharist and Communion with God.
But this hour of ultimate love is also that of the ultimate betrayal. Judas leaves the light of the Upper Room and goes out into darkness. “And it was night” (John 13:30). Why does he leave? Because he loves answer the Gospel, and his fateful love is stressed again and again in the hymns of Holy Thursday. It does not matter indeed, that he loves the “silver”. Money stands for all the deviated and distorted love which leads man into betraying God. It is, indeed, love stolen from God and Judas, therefore, is the Thief. When he does not love God and in God man still love and desires, for he was created to love and love is his nature but it then a dark and self-destroying passion and death is at its end. And each Holy Thursday, the same decisive question is addressed to each one of us: do I respond to Christ’s love and accept it as my life; do I follow Judas into the darkness of night?